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Article – Journal of Nanoscience and Technology

Journal of Nanoscience and Technology, Volume 4,Issue 5,2018 Pages 487-491

Structural, Dielectric and Magnetic Properties of Al3+ and Cr3+ Substituted Ni-Zn-Cu Ferrites
G. Satyanarayana, G. Nageswara Rao*, K. Vijaya Babu


Ferrite materials with the general formula Ni0.7Zn0.2Cu0.1Fe1.9M0.1O4 (M=Al and Cr) are synthesized by using the solid state reaction method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transforms infrared (FTIR) spectra, scanning electron microscope (SEM) dielectric measurements and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) techniques are utilized to study the various properties of the synthesized ferrites. XRD analysis confirmed the formation of single phase cubic spinel structure and the crystallite size is calculated by Scherrer’s formula found to be 20.3 and 12.5 nm. The magnetic properties were studied using pulse field hysteresis loop technique at room temperature. The saturation magnetization exhibit 98.71 and 91.69 emu/g for Al3+ and Cr3+ substituted Ni-Zn-Cu ferrites respectively. The magnetic permeability is increasing for chromium substituted compound in the frequency range 100 Hz to 120 MHz and significant modification in DC conductivity is explained on the basis of hopping mechanism.

Keywords: Ni-Zn-Cu Ferrite; Microstructure; Dielectric Constant; Magnetization;